Hyperpigmentation: What is it? Can it be corrected?
Authors: E. Burns & A. Wakins
Stress, sun, and lifestyles can take a toll on your skin tone, but is the damage reversible?
There are many names used nowadays for hyperpigmentation. It is a common complaint of women both young and old. If you suffer from skin discoloration, you may be interested in learning what such spots are, why it happens, and what you can do about it.
What is Hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is a medical term used to describe areas where the skin has uneven or darker coloring. The overproduction of melanin causes it. This can be experienced by anyone but is often more commonly seen in individuals with darker skin tones. Because of their chemical makeup, women tend to suffer from hyperpigmentation more than men. Hyperpigmentation can appear on and around the face, including the cheeks, forehead, neck, and lips, as well as parts of the body with thinner skin layers such as on hands.
What Causes Hyperpigmentation?
The UVA rays from the sun can cause the melanocytes, the skin cells that determine your coloring, to increase the melanin in the area exposed. This is beneficial for those who are looking to tan, but this process can also go awry and cause dark patches to appear. This is not always obvious right away; these sunspots may appear decades after the initial exposure. In addition to UVA rays, other things that can affect your skin's pigment include hormones, pregnancy, birth control, and even air pollution.
How Can Hyperpigmentation Be Corrected?
An essential part of improving your skin's pigmentation is exfoliation. This will help minimize the buildup of melanin. You should also be dedicated to daily sunscreen application. The sun can cause discoloration to your skin, leaving it blotched. By appropriately protecting your skin while outside, you can reduce the damage caused by the sun's rays. To keep your skin healthy and in pristine condition, your food choices are also important. Make sure to a healthy and balanced diet rich in antioxidants. These nutrients are beneficial when it comes to breaking up pigmentation in the skin. You can also look for a cleanser that contains glycolic acid, which can help correct discoloration and renew your skin's natural glow.
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